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凱利和民主黨的外交政策錯在哪

WHAT’S WRONG WITH KERRY’S FOREIGN -- AND DOMESTIC -- POLICY...SO FAR

By Prof. Richard Falk

(Albert G. Milbank Professor of International Law Emeritus, Princeton University; Visiting Professor, University of California at Santa Barbara, 2002-2004; author, The Great Terror War (2003); Declining World Order (2004); Chair, Board, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation)

The depravities displayed to the world at Abu Ghriab prison pose an historic challenge to John Kerry: He needs to offer America something more politically attractive than ‘a pale Republican’ seeking entry to the White House. Subtly positioning his candidacy but a micro-meter to the left of George W. Bush is not what America urgently needs (or wants) now.

This is the most important presidential election of my lifetime: Unless we rid the country and the world of the Bush leadership, our future prospects are grim, and could include a slide toward global fascism abroad and the risk of a police state at home.

The precariousness of the situation is highlighted by the Bush unwillingness, even now, to acknowledge failure in Iraq, heightening the prospects for years more of bloodshed under the vapid label of ‘staying the course.’ To allow this defiant Bush posture to go unchallenged as the campaign unfolds is symbolically and substantively to embrace an approach that reeks of misguided opportunism.

It is misguided because it yields to the Republicans the high ground of meaning what they say and doing what they say, of appearing to have a conception of anti-terrorism that is coherent, if costly, and of being challenged, only trivially, at the outer margins of policy.

Ever since the end of the cold war, the Democratic Party has been afraid of its own core values, especially the party’s honorable identification with social justice and sophisticated internationalism, and has been avoiding the so-called L-word, revealing a shameful retreat from advocating big-ticket liberal programs in health, education, and welfare.

Bill Clinton, with his great political savvy, sensed the mood of the 1990s, as well as the insensitivity of Bush Sr. to the realities of domestic America, and so was able to prevail by moving rightwards of center. Unfortunately, as president, Clinton did not let these constituents down, working furiously for Republican/Wall Street priorities such as NAFTA, fiscal discipline and market-driven economic globalization, while backing down on health care and welfare. But, as the vicious GOP impeachment debacle illustrated, Clinton, despite all his efforts to be co-opt  the Republican agenda, never achieved credibility on the right, but did alienate (to various degrees) his base of support among liberals and progressives.

Then there was his would-be successor, Al Gore: Putting aside for the moment the issue of electoral fraud, the vice president went down to defeat following an even more callous electoral strategy, sidelining Clinton in order to appease the family-values crowd who were apparently more appalled by the Lewinsky sideshow  than by rampant homelessness and the rising number of Americans below the poverty line. Given the economic problems in America, the election should never have been even close if Gore had not demoralized so much of his base, a blunder that had the secondary effect of emboldening Ralph Nader and his supporters. The truth is that Nader’s negative impact on Democratic prospects is far less than the futile and demoralizing mainstream Democratic bid to win over citizens situated to the right of center. From the standpoint of both pragmatism and idealism, a truly principled Democratic campaign this time might make Nader redundant and in fact persuade him to drop out.

Of course, there are risks of taking a position rooted in opposition to the Iraq policy, but they are diminishing with each passing day. Moreover, by subscribing to the staying-the-course line, Kerry locks himself into a totally discredited policy that has undoubtedly and perversely has strengthened the appeal of Al Qaeda’s message around the world, especially in Arab countries. Kerry, already ultra-sensitive about flip-flopping allegations, is understandably reticent understandably about seeming to switch yet again on a major policy issue. For Iraq, he could, however, appear persuasive by treating Abu Ghraib and its related fallout as a wakeup call that alerted him to the reality of Iraq as the long-feared, nightmarish Vietnam Redux. And it would not be out of place to say that his earlier support of the Iraq policy was based on gross misrepresentations by the Bush White House and Pentagon, if not outright lies.

Kerry must be more than a warmed-over, slightly less right-wing Bush. The senator’s ‘plan’ ­ as it now stands ­ merely calls for an enlarged UN role. This not only resembles what the Bush people are themselves advocating, it tacitly accepts an approach that has failure written all over it. Why should the UN, so long rebuffed by the Bush administration, bother to step in at this stage? And, were it so foolish to jump in, why would not the Iraqi resistance regard this new presence as no more than a continuation of the American occupation under different cover?

Indeed, what else can staying-the-course mean except finding a way to continue the foreign occupation, at least until a political solution for Iraq is found? This is incoherent advocacy at this stage: For the only plausible stabilization plan that might work, as prefigured in Falluja, is the re-Baathification of the governing process, and this would put Sunni leadership back in charge of the entire country. This ‘solution’ would likely trigger a civil war, unless it was to become as brutally authoritarian as its predecessor. Given these realities, therefore, the American goal of democracy in Iraq is an absurd paradox: Indeed, the more democratic the polity was allowed to become, the more anti-American (and anti-Israeli) it would undoubtedly turn out to be.

What’s worse, Kerry has already gone out of his way to express his unqualified support for Ariel Sharon’s policies ­ this implying an evident indifference to the Palestinian ordeal, and reinforcing anti-Americanism. Again, the ugly face of electoral opportunism is exhibited for all to see -- and it may get worse, especially if Kerry decides to compete with Bush for support of the AIPAC (right wing pro-Israeli) lobbying crowd. The truth is that Sharon’s government, guilty of daily war crimes against the Palestinian people, is detested in much of the world. At the very least, Kerry might have coupled his  support for the security of Israel with sincere expressions of anguish about the suffering of both peoples, and the need for a new vision of peace with security for both Israel and Palestine. I do not think it is too late for such a statement, and it would signal a willingness to put principle over short-sighted pragmatism.

Domestically, Kerry can no longer beat-around-the bush, so to speak: He must appeal to the variously dispossessed in America, not just to the middle classes. He should continuously remind Americans of Bush’s fiscal hypocrisy in handing huge tax cuts to the ultra-rich, while piling up a dangerously large deficit that threatens to pull down the world economy and burden future generations of Americans. But a positive vision is more important than criticism at this stage. We need bold commitments to overhaul the health system so that it works for all Americans. And we need to restore educational opportunity both by lowering the economic obstacles to gaining quality education, especially at college levels, and of expanding the resources available to allow American education to recover its loss of ground to Europe and Asia in the sciences, math, and other fields. Is it not time to throw down the gauntlet of ‘compassionate liberalism’ as a direct challenge to the Bush campaign?

Domestically, too, a more humane and coherent approach, while underscoring the weaknesses of Bush policies, would offer a more hopeful vision. It should begin by repudiating the erosion of civil liberties at home promulgated by the Patriot Act and related legislation. It should also draw attention to the shocking failure of the Bush administration to support large appropriations to guard soft homeland targets in the United States, as well as stockpiles of weapons- grade uranium and plutonium in poorly protected Russian storage facilities. The dangers of dirty bombs and WMD have all along been much more severe in Russia and Pakistan than in any of ‘the axis of evil’ countries; the possibilities of diversion by theft or sake on the black market sales are high.

To help ‘denuclearize” the international atmosphere, the United States should desist altogether from its efforts to put weapons of mass destruction into space and turn away from developing new categories of nuclear weapons, including battlefield weapons openly intended (according to recent Pentagon documents) to be available for possible future wars. Fighting wars to prevent the acquisition of phantom nuclear weapons, as in Iraq, and supporting a crusade against nuclear proliferation seems at odds with our own weapons labs that are advocating new military roles for nuclear weapons -- and even proposing the resumption of nuclear weapons testing in the near future.

A Democratic candidate that would move unreservedly in these directions is what these times demand. But I have a confession to make: The outcome of this election is so important that whatever Kerry does or doesn’t do, he will get my vote. Indeed, I have actually been urging friends not to listen to what he says, because it is so likely to be so awful as to undermine the morale needed to raise money and work for the registration of young and minority voters that will be required to defeat Bush.

But this degrading descent into the bowels of ‘lesser of evils’ politics has its dangers. It produces the sort of apathy that creates public space for the kind of rightist demagoguery that can descend into political extremism. The American people need more than ever a dose of Jeffersonian vigilance: The opposition to Bush should be based on principles that allow for essential public debate as to the real choices. I agree that the U.S. mass media too often fails to elevate citizen understanding, but a republic that is coaxed to sleep, during this historic election, by the appearance of consensus on the most vital issues of the day will be betrayed by a dishonorable opposition. Our democracy deserves better if it deserves to survive!

 
 

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